By Jose Clemente Orozco
Hospicio Cabañas was founded and financed by Bishop Juan Ruiz de Cabañas.
It was a home to shelter orphans, the elderly, the poor and handicapped.
It was added as a World Heritage site in 1997 and is home to some of the greatest masterpieces in all of Mexico by renowned muralist Jose Clemente Orozco.
Note: Even though it is referred to here as Hospicio Cabañas it is actually named the Cabañas Cultural Institute, read on to find out more.
This beautiful Guadalajara attraction is also part of my favorite Guadalajara Mexico Vacations walking tour of the downtown area. This is an absolute must do! Be sure to check it out.
The construction of Hospicio Cabañas began in 1805 under architect Manuel Tulsá.
It opened to the first orphans in 1810 while it was still under construction and was named (Casa de Misericordia) House of Charity.
That same year the War for Mexican Independence (1810-1821) began and construction came to a halt.
It was used to house Spanish troops, Independent troops as well as supplies. After 1829 the building resumed to house the people it was originally built to serve.
The construction was finally finished in 1845 and the name was changed to Hospicio Cabaáas in honor of its founder.
During the Mexican Reform movement the ownership passed from the Church to the government. The doors were kept opened until 1980.
In 1983 it was renamed Instituto Cultural Cabañas (Cabañas Cultural Institute), converted into a museum and is now used as a cultural promotion center.
Here are a few pictures of these exquisite Mexican murals, this one in particular is called "Hombre de Fuego" or Man of Fire and is just one of Jose Clemente Orozco's famous pieces.
These pictures really don't even come close to capturing the beauty of the murals.
It's something that you have got to see in person! You should be sure to stop by on one of your next Guadalajara, Mexico vacations.
They do allow you to take pictures while you're there but in order to preserve the murals you cannot use your flash, so make sure it is off.
Jose Clemente Orozco was native to Jalisco. In 1937 he was invited by the government to paint the old chapel. His work was complete in 1939.
They are considered some of the greatest works of art in Mexico.
Sources: Su Guia en Guadalajara & Vive Guadalajara Turismo (Puntos de Interés)
(East End of Plaza Tapatia)
Cabañas 8, Plaza Tapatia
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico